Propagation of orchids


Orchids are popular plants even though the price may be quite high, but if you want to have a window sill full of orchids at home for free, you can propagate orchids yourself. Orchids are propagated by seeds, but they must be pollinated first. However, even if you manage to get ripe seeds, you still may not be able to do it. This is because the germination rate of orchids is rather low. So, it is better to propagate by cuttings.


This method requires a lot of patience, but the rate of success is much better (and also faster). Get a healthy cutting and place it in a substrate consisting mainly of moss and vermiculite. Now, for about 25 days, you need to constantly pay attention and moisten cuttings several times a day – preferably with a water sprayer. Once they take root you can transfer cuttings into a regular orchid substrate.


Photo: Pixabay

Propagation by division

Division is the most natural and least demanding method to propagate orchids but also other similar plants, but this method may only be used if the mother plant creates root plants. These can be separated, with sharp scissors or a knife, and transplanted into another flower pot. Use soil designed for orchids and do not expose the repotted plant to direct sunlight. Nevertheless, you need to provide sufficient light.

Propagation by leaves

Using leaves to propagate orchids is an interesting method. Cut a healthy leaf from the plant and immerse it in a container with a moistened cloth or gauze. Close the container and place it at a well-lit spot, but again avoid direct sunlight. Moisten the cloth regularly with an atomizer – it must not dry out! As soon as you notice that leaves created small roots you can transplant them into a container with orchid substrate.

Propagation by root cuttings

When you transplant plants in the spring, you can shorten their roots. Use sharp pruning knife to do that. Place the cut roots in a container with orchid substrate . It is advisable to treat the cuts on roots with wood ash before replanting. Use an atomizer to keep the substrate moisten at all times – if it seems too dry, you can also water it.


Preview photo: Pixabay

Radek Štěpán

Gardening is my hobby, I have a lot of experience and I am happy to share it.


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